2019年11月12日 星期二

What drives sleep:wake cycles? Cellular and molecular underpinnings in a Drosophila model

What drives sleep:wake cycles? Cellular and molecular underpinnings in a Drosophila model

发布时间:2014-03-21      点击量:463

主讲人:Amita Sehgal

讲座地点:新生物楼101报告厅

讲座日期:2014-04-08

联系人:Prof. Yi Rao

北京大学麦戈文脑科学研究所McGovern系列学术讲座
题目:What drives sleep:wake cycles? Cellular and molecular underpinnings in a Drosophila model
报告人: Amita Sehgal
Department of Neuroscience,
University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia
时间: 2014年4月8日(周二)下午1:00-2:00 PM
地点: 新生物楼101报告厅
摘要: We use the fruit fly, Drosophila melanogaster, as a model to study circadian and homeostatic regulation of sleep:wake behavior. The homeostatic system drives the need to sleep, and therefore controls sleep amount, while the circadian system ensures that sleep occurs with a ~24 hour rhythm. The molecular and cellular networks underlying these two types of regulation are distinct and yet they also intersect. In recent work we have mapped a neuronal circuit that conducts signals from the central clock cells in the brain, and drives rhythmic sleep behavior. The circuit was identified by anatomic mapping and through an unbiased screen for cells involved in behavioral rhythms. The data reveal an important role for peptidergic signaling in the circadian output pathway. In other work, we addressed the regulation and role of sleep in early life. In general, young animals sleep more than adults, and the same is true for Drosophila. Thus homeostatic mechanisms of sleep may be different in young flies. We determined the mechanistic basis of high sleep in young flies and have also discovered a function of such sleep.
邀请人: Prof. Yi Rao
欢迎各位老师和同学积极参加!